‘Pata’ indicates ‘vastra’ or clothing, and ‘chitra’ means painting. This special painting on cloth is a special art form of Orissa. To make the canvas, the painters use fine gauze-like cloth, which they fortify with tamarind paste, chalk powder and gum. After drying the canvas, the patachitra painters draw the most intricate designs on it and color it with natural dyes. The patachitra paintings adorn the stories of the epic Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and those of the local deity Lord Jagannath.
Patachitra can be dated back to the 5th century BC. It is an art form developed lovingly by the locals of Raghurajpur, Puri, Sonepur, etc. The appearance of the paintings became more widespread with the construction of the great temples of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneswar. A plethora of paintings appeared in temples and maths around the 18th century, and the pattastyle of painting patachitra developed with the setting up of the Jagannath temple.
2. Saura painting is a style of wall mural painting associated with the Saura tribe of Odisha, India.
These paintings, also called ikons, hold religious significance for the tribe, usually as a dedication to their main deity Idital (also edital). Recurring motifs in these paintings are the Tree of Life, animals like horses, elephants, elements of nature like the sun and moon and the people of the tribe. The backdrop of these paintings is first prepared from red or yellow ochre earth. Then the scene is painted over using brushes crafted from locally available tender bamboo shoots.
3.Appliqué items, Pipli
The famous town of Pipli in Orissa, halfway between Bhubaneswar and Puri, is known for its exquisite applique work. An enchanting form of fabric based patchwork, well known for its geometric motifs and stylized birds, animals and flowers cut out of brightly coloured cloth and sewn on contrasting backgrounds. The typical traditional motifs are varied yet fixed in their colours and representations. Motifs ranging from geometric, abstract, schematized actual life forms to stylized versions of social, natural, asteral and mythological characters and objects.
4. Silver Filigree Crafts of Odisha are practised since 15th Century with its own intricate design and craftsmanship.
About 2000 artisans only in Cuttack and around continue the tradition of this excellent craft with workmanship. Silver filigree is an ancient art. Beaten silver drawn into fine threads and foils, which are then joined together to create jewellery and decorative work of infinite beauty. The items are internationally appreciated for their delicate artistry, elegant craftsmanship and superb finish.
5. Orissa Ikat is a kind of ikat, a resist dyeing technique, originating from Indian state of Orissa.
Also known as “Bandha of Orissa”, it is a geographically tagged product of Orissa (now renamed as Odisha) since 2007. It is made through a process of tie-dying the warp and weft threads to create the design on the loom prior to weaving. It is unlike any other ikat woven in the rest of the country because of its design process, which has been called “poetry on the loom”. This design is in vogue only at the western and eastern regions of Orissa; similar designs are produced by community groups called the Bhulia, Kostha Asani, and Patara. The fabric gives a striking curvilinear appearance. Sarees made out of this fabric feature bands of brocade in the borders and also at the ends, called anchal or pallu. Its forms are purposefully feathered, giving the edges a “hazy and fragile” appearance.